Contract Clinical Research Organization

Contract clinical research organizations (CROs) are companies that specialize in providing clinical development services to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries. These organizations play a vital role in bringing new drugs and medical devices to market by conducting clinical trials that test the safety and efficacy of these products. In this article, we will discuss what a contract clinical research organization is, why they are important, and how they operate.

What is a Contract Clinical Research Organization?

A contract clinical research organization is a company that provides clinical research services to other companies. These services may include clinical trial design, site selection, patient recruitment, project management, data management, statistical analysis, and regulatory support. CROs can handle all aspects of clinical research or can work with other service providers to support different stages of clinical development.

Why are CROs important?

The pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries rely on CROs to conduct clinical trials and bring new drugs and medical devices to market. Research and development are costly and time-consuming, and outsourcing clinical research to CROs can help companies save money and speed up the drug development process. CROs also have access to specialized expertise and technologies, which can help them design and execute clinical trials more efficiently.

How do CROs operate?

CROs usually work on a fee-for-service basis, where they charge their clients for the services they provide. The cost of clinical research can vary widely depending on the size and complexity of the trial, the number of patients involved, the geographic location, and the regulatory requirements. CROs may also offer risk-sharing models, where they receive a percentage of the revenue generated by a drug or device if it is successfully approved and launched.

CROs typically have a team of experts with different backgrounds, including medical, scientific, and regulatory affairs. These experts work together to design and execute clinical trials that meet the requirements of the regulatory agencies, such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or the European Medicines Agency (EMA). CROs also have access to databases of clinical trial sites and patient populations, which can help them identify the best locations for conducting clinical trials.


Contract clinical research organizations play a critical role in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries. By providing clinical research services, CROs help their clients save money, speed up the drug development process, and access specialized expertise and technologies. As the demand for new drugs and medical devices continues to grow, the importance of CROs is likely to increase, making them an essential part of the healthcare ecosystem.

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Software Engineer during the day, photographer, videographer and gamer in the evening. Also a father of 3. Pedro has a strong passion for technology, and gladly shares his findings with enthusiasm.

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